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What's the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
AHAASAKatie, July 9, 2018 10:17am EST
There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. A family history of diabetes can significantly increase a person's risk of developing the condition.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a serious condition that occurs when the pancreas makes little or no insulin. Without insulin, the body is unable to take the glucose (blood sugar) it gets from food into cells to fuel the body. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin or other medications daily. For that reason, this type of diabetes is also referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes was previously known as juvenile diabetes because it's usually diagnosed in children and young adults. However, this chronic, lifelong disease can strike at any age, and those with a family history of type 1 diabetes have a greater risk.
Health Risks for Type 1 Diabetes
During the development of type 1 diabetes, the body's immune system attacks certain cells (called beta cells) in the pancreas. Although the reasons this occurs are still unknown, the effects are clear. Once these cells are destroyed, the pancreas produces little or no insulin, so the glucose stays in the blood. When there's too much glucose in the blood, especially for prolonged periods, all the organ systems in the body suffer long-term damage. Learn more about the health consequences of diabetes and how to treat it.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Historically, type 2 diabetes has been diagnosed primarily in adults. Today, however, adolescents and young adults are developing type 2 diabetes at an alarming rate. This correlates with the increasing incidence of obesity and physical inactivity in this population, both of which are risk factors for type 2 diabetes.
This type of diabetes can occur when:
- The body develops "insulin resistance" and can't make efficient use of the insulin it makes, and
- The pancreas gradually loses its capacity to produce insulin.
In a mild form, this type of diabetes can go undiagnosed for many years, which is a cause for great concern since untreated diabetes can lead to many serious medical problems, including cardiovascular disease. Type 2 diabetes may be delayed or controlled with diet and exercise.
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yarn007, July 10, 2018 1:20am EST
Welcome to the Support Network glad to have you. Do let us know if you have any other questions.